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Clocks, Clades, and Cospeciation: Comparing Rates of Evolution and Timing of Cospeciation Events in Host-Parasite Assemblages

Roderick D. M. Page
Systematic Zoology
Vol. 40, No. 2 (Jun., 1991), pp. 188-198
DOI: 10.2307/2992256
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2992256
Page Count: 11
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Clocks, Clades, and Cospeciation: Comparing Rates of Evolution and Timing of Cospeciation Events in Host-Parasite Assemblages
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Abstract

A recently described test for a consistent pattern of timing of cospeciation between host and parasite taxa uses the correlation between observed genetic distance matrices for the hosts and parasites. In this paper I argue that this method can be improved by comparing trees rather than distance matrices. In the special case of a molecular clock, the test compares cluster heights in dendrograms for the hosts and the parasites. Because tree topology alone can cause a significant correlation between the cluster heights, a randomization test is described that allows for this autocorrelation. The degree of autocorrelation is a function of tree topology, increasing as the trees become more unbalanced. Balanced trees offer more sensitive tests of hypotheses concerning timing of cospeciation.

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