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Journal Article

Continuing the Synthesis Between Panbiogeography, Phylogenetic Systematics and Geology as Illustrated by Empirical Studies on the Biogeography of New Zealand and the Chatham Islands

Robin Craw
Systematic Zoology
Vol. 37, No. 3 (Sep., 1988), pp. 291-310
DOI: 10.2307/2992374
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2992374
Page Count: 20

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Topics: Geology, Cladistics, Biogeography, Taxa, Systematics, Phylogenetics, Biota, Zoology, Tectonics, Geography
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Continuing the Synthesis Between Panbiogeography, Phylogenetic Systematics and Geology as Illustrated by Empirical Studies on the Biogeography of New Zealand and the Chatham Islands
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Abstract

Panbiogeographic and vicariance cladistic methods are compared and contrasted through applications to two aspects of New Zealand biogeography involving the inter-relationships of endemic rich and poor areas, and of the Chatham Islands biota. Biological area cladogram methods are utilized and for the first time the construction of a geological area cladogram based on cladistic analysis of geological characters is demonstrated. A new method of track analysis based on compatibility and clique approaches to graph analysis is outlined and applied to distributional data sets for taxa distributed in New Zealand and the Chatham Islands. This track analysis provides the basis for a novel parallel arcs model for the origin of the Chatham Islands biota. This model exemplifies reciprocal illumination between panbiogeography, phylogenetic systematics and geology.

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