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Congruence in the Work Situation: Effects of Growth Needs, Management Style, and Job Structure on Job-Related Satisfactions
Wm. E. Zierden
Journal of Occupational Behaviour
Vol. 1, No. 4 (Oct., 1980), pp. 297-310
Published by: Wiley
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3000146
Page Count: 14
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Interactive effects of individual growth needs, job richness, and management style on job-related satisfactions were studied in two field settings. The three independent variables were dichotomized and the effects of the eight combinations on measures of satisfaction were compared to predictions by Porter, Lawler, and Hackman (1975) for similar combinations of growth needs, job richness, and organizational design. Results supported prior predictions for high growth need persons. They responded positively to the presence of both a rich job and more organic management style and negatively to the absence of one or both. Low growth need persons responded favourably to the presence of either or both a rich job and more organic management style and somewhat negatively to the absence of both, contrary to prior predictions. Results are interpreted as suggesting that the growth need scale is primarily a measure of sociological expectations about work, and that further work is required to separate sociologically-derived expectations about work from inherent human needs for stimulating environments.
Journal of Occupational Behaviour © 1980 Wiley