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Decline of the American Orphanage, 1941-1980

Marshall B. Jones
Social Service Review
Vol. 67, No. 3, Altruism (Sep., 1993), pp. 459-480
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/30012508
Page Count: 22
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Decline of the American Orphanage, 1941-1980
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Abstract

Orphanage care in America went into decline after World War II and by 1980 was no longer an important factor in American child welfare. The usual explanation is that child-welfare professionals considered institutional care to be undesirable, and the Social Security Act of 1935 made it possible for children who would otherwise have been placed in orphanages to be supported in their own homes. It was certainly more complicated than that. The purpose of this article is to reexamine the American orphanage from 1940 to 1980 and to construct a coherent, step-by-step account of what happened to orphanage care in those years.

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