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Facing the Fascist Model: Discourse and the Construction of Labour Services in the USA and Sweden in the 1930s and 1940s
Norbert Götz and Kiran Klaus Patel
Journal of Contemporary History
Vol. 41, No. 1 (Jan., 2006), pp. 57-73
Published by: Sage Publications, Ltd.
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/30036370
Page Count: 17
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Nazism, Fascism, Unemployment, Civil service, Labor camps, New Deal, Labor, Women, Civilian personnel, Great Depression
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As a reaction to the Great Depression of the 1930s, many countries introduced labour services. These institutions organized unemployed persons for unskilled work projects for the common good. Labour services focused on unemployed youth and had an explicit educational dimension. In the 1930s, nazi Germany offered the most important example of a labour service in practice. Therefore, all democratic countries with a labour service faced the problem of delimitation. This article examines the discussions and politics surrounding the labour services in the USA and Sweden against the backdrop of the 'fascist model'. The transnational comparative study analyses how these two Western democracies reacted to this challenge. It demonstrates that the perceptions of the nazi labour service left a deep imprint on both democratic societies. Moreover, there are many parallels in the way in which the Third Reich impinged on their social policies in the 1930s and 1940s.
Journal of Contemporary History © 2006 Sage Publications, Ltd.