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Who's Anti-Roman? Sallust and Pompeius Trogus on Mithridates

Eric Adler
The Classical Journal
Vol. 101, No. 4 (Apr. - May, 2006), pp. 383-407
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/30038017
Page Count: 25
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Who's Anti-Roman? Sallust and Pompeius Trogus on Mithridates
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Abstract

Contemporary scholars of Roman imperialism have discussed the ways in which ancient historians denigrate non-Romans and thereby present intellectual justifications for Roman conquest. This paper offers a case study that questions this position's validity: an examination of Sallust's Epistula Mithridatis (Hist. 4.69M) and Pompeius Trogus' speech of Mithridates (Justin 38.4-7). I argue that Sallust offers a more powerful attack on Roman foreign policy than does Trogus, whom many scholars have deemed "anti-Roman," and conclude that Roman historians are capable of using speeches offoreigners to engage in Roman self-criticism.

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