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Polyphagy and Obligate Myrmecophily in the Butterfly Hallonympha paucipuncta (Lepidoptera: Riodinidae) in the Neotropical Cerrado Savanna
Lucas A. Kaminski
Vol. 40, No. 3 (Mar., 2008), pp. 390-394
Published by: Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/30043645
Page Count: 5
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Insect larvae, Ants, Host plants, Butterflies, Cerrado, Phytophagous insects, Plants, Insect ecology, Species, Insect behavior
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This study analyzes host plant use and obligate myrmecophily in Hallonympha paucipuncta, an endemic butterfly of the Cerrado. Larvae of H. paucipuncta are polyphagous, using at least 19 species of plants in 10 families. All larvae found were being tended by Crematogaster ants. Spatial distribution of larvae and tending ants were strongly aggregated, suggesting an influence of ants on oviposition and/or larval survival. Implications of obligate myrmecophily in the evolution of polyphagy in Riodinidae are discussed. Abstract in Portuguese is available at http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/btp.
Biotropica © 2008 Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation