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Geological Study of Shamshir Ghar Cave, Southern Afghanistan, and Report of Terraces along Panjshir Valley near Kabul

John M. Zeigler
The Journal of Geology
Vol. 66, No. 1 (Jan., 1958), pp. 16-27
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/30056937
Page Count: 13
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Geological Study of Shamshir Ghar Cave, Southern Afghanistan, and Report of Terraces along Panjshir Valley near Kabul
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Abstract

Shamshir Ghar Cave in southern Afghanistan near Kandahar has had only a short history of occupancy. The cavern formed inside the mountain probably in the Miocene but was opened approximately two thousand years ago. Sediments in the cave preserve a surprisingly good historical sequence of the cave's history. Loess, which blankets higher terraces near Gulbahar, north of Kabul, make it possible to date the well-preserved terraces as Wisconsin and post-Wisconsin. The terraces are representatives of vast quantities of rock which were removed during mountain glaciation of the Panjshir Valley. The age of archeological sites in the loess blanket or in the terraces should be related to this general framework of geological history.

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