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Melting Reactions in the System $NaAlSi_{3}O_{8}-KAlSi_{3}O_{8}-SiO_{2}-H_{2}O$ to 20 Kilobars Compared with Results for Other $Feldspar-Quartz-H_{2}O$ and $H_{2}O$ Systems

R. B. Merrill, J. K. Robertson and P. J. Wyllie
The Journal of Geology
Vol. 78, No. 5 (Sep., 1970), pp. 558-569
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/30061392
Page Count: 12
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Melting Reactions in the System $NaAlSi_{3}O_{8}-KAlSi_{3}O_{8}-SiO_{2}-H_{2}O$ to 20 Kilobars Compared with Results for Other $Feldspar-Quartz-H_{2}O$ and $H_{2}O$ Systems
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Abstract

Synthetic feldspar with composition $Ab_{60}Or_{40}$ was crystallized from gel and a portion mixed with 10 wt percent natural quartz. These starting materials were reacted with excess water in sealed platinum capsules, using half-inch-diameter piston-cylinder apparatus. Univariant melting curves were located between 10 and 20 kbar pressure for the systems $NaMSi_{3}O_{8}(AB)-KAlSi_{3}O_{8}(Or)-SiO_{2}(Oz)-H_{2}O and Ab-Or-H_{2}O$. Points on the reaction curves are:$(1) Ab_{88} + Or_{88} + Qz + V \rightleftharpoons L; 10 kbar at 615^{\circ}C, 15 kbar at 605^{\circ}C$. (2) $(1) Ab_{88} + Or_{88} + Qz + V \rightleftharpoons L; 10 kbar at 655^{\circ}C, 15 kbar at 615^{\circ}C, 16.75 kbar at 605^{\circ}C$. (3) A reaction common to both systems, $Or_{88} + Jd + Qz + V ;\rightleftharpoons L (Jd is jadeite); 19.5 kbar at 630^{\circ}C$. These three reaction curves meet at an invariant point at 16.8 kbar and 605° C. Reactions (1) and (2) represent the curves for the beginning of melting of granite and syenite, respectively. A review of previous results provides our best estimates for melting curves from 1 to 20 kbar (or higher) in these systems and additional systems $Or-Qz-H_{2}O and CaAl_{2}Si_{2}O_{8}(An)-Qz-H_{2}O and rock-H_{2}O systems$. Curves for the beginning of melting of major rock types in the presence of excess water have recently been extended to mantle pressures, and the influence of feldspar and quartz in granite, tonalite, syenite, and gabbro melting is evident to about 15 kbar, from comparison of the rock-$H_{2}O$ curves with the feldspar-quartz-$H_{2}O$ curves. The melting pattern changes above the pressure where plagioclase feldspar breaks down, and the slope (dP/dT) of the melting curves then becomes positive and roughly parallel with curves for dry systems. Data for excess-water systems are almost complete; these will provide guides for the study of water-deficient systems in the vapor-absent region, which is more relevant for problems of magma genesis and magma evolution.

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