Access

You are not currently logged in.

Access your personal account or get JSTOR access through your library or other institution:

login

Log in to your personal account or through your institution.

Reframing the Migration Question: An Analysis of Men, Women, and Gender in Mexico

Shawn Malia Kanaiaupuni
Social Forces
Vol. 78, No. 4 (Jun., 2000), pp. 1311-1347
Published by: Oxford University Press
DOI: 10.2307/3006176
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3006176
Page Count: 37
  • Download ($42.00)
  • Subscribe ($19.50)
  • Cite this Item
Reframing the Migration Question: An Analysis of Men, Women, and Gender in Mexico
Preview not available

Abstract

The migration literature agrees on several key factors that motivate individual decisions to move: human capital investments, socioeconomic status, familial considerations, social networks, and local opportunities in places of origin relative to opportunities abroad. Yet further analysis of the social forces underlying these relationships reveals interwoven gender relations and expectations that fundamentally differentiate migration patterns, in particular who migrates and why. Data analysis of 14,000 individuals in 43 Mexican villages reveals several mechanisms through which the effects of gender play out in the migration process. Results suggest that migrant networks provide support to new men and women migrants alike, whereas high female employment rates reduce the likelihood that men, but not women, begin migrating. Education effects also emphasize the importance of examining gender differences. In keeping with the literature on Mexican migration, I find that men are negatively selected to migrate, but, conversely, that higher education increases migration among women. My findings also question the narrow portrayal of women as associational migrants that follow spouses, disclosing much greater chances of family separation than reunification among migrants' wives and significantly higher migration risks for single and previously married women than married women.

Page Thumbnails

  • Thumbnail: Page 
[1311]
    [1311]
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1312
    1312
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1313
    1313
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1314
    1314
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1315
    1315
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1316
    1316
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1317
    1317
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1318
    1318
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1319
    1319
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1320
    1320
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1321
    1321
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1322
    1322
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1323
    1323
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1324
    1324
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1325
    1325
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1326
    1326
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1327
    1327
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1328
    1328
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1329
    1329
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1330
    1330
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1331
    1331
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1332
    1332
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1333
    1333
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1334
    1334
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1335
    1335
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1336
    1336
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1337
    1337
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1338
    1338
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1339
    1339
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1340
    1340
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1341
    1341
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1342
    1342
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1343
    1343
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1344
    1344
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1345
    1345
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1346
    1346
  • Thumbnail: Page 
1347
    1347