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New Insights into Archean Crustal Development from Geochronology in the Rainy Lake Area, Superior Province, Canada

D. W. Davis, K. H. Poulsen and S. L. Kamo
The Journal of Geology
Vol. 97, No. 4 (Jul., 1989), pp. 379-398
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/30078346
Page Count: 20
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
New Insights into Archean Crustal Development from Geochronology in the Rainy Lake Area, Superior Province, Canada
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Abstract

Precise isotopic analyses of zircon, titanite, and rutile from units in the Rainy Lake area of northwest Ontario are combined with structural investigations to develop new stratigraphic interpretations in which lithotectonic sequences were juxtaposed by thrusting prior to steepening by wrenching. Ages for the oldest volcanic and plutonic rocks in the area range from $2725 \pm 2 Ma to 2728 +4/-3 Ma$. The age of metagray-wackes of the Coutchiching Group is bracketed between $2704 \pm 3 Ma$ and $2692 \pm 2 Ma$ by detrital zircon and a crosscutting intrusion. Alluvial conglomerate of the Seine Group is bracketed between 2696 +5/-3 Ma, the age of a clast, and 2686 +2/-1 Ma, the age of the undeformed Ottertail Lake Pluton. The Coutchiching Group is younger than structurally overlying metavolcanic rocks and is therefore allochthon-ous. These data suggest that sedimentation and deformation were controlled by collisional plate interactions and subsequent transpression at the subprovince boundary. Combined with data from elsewhere in the Wabigoon Subprovince they favor a mobilist tectonic model for development of the Archean crust.

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