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Upper Mantle Oxygen Fugacity and Its Relationship to Metasomatism

Glen S. Mattioli, Michael B. Baker, Michael J. Rutter and Edward M. Stolper
The Journal of Geology
Vol. 97, No. 5 (Sep., 1989), pp. 521-536
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/30078361
Page Count: 16
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Upper Mantle Oxygen Fugacity and Its Relationship to Metasomatism
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Abstract

We have calculated $fO_{2}'s$ and temperatures of various mantle environments worldwide using published analyses of coexisting olivine, orthopyroxene, clinopyroxene, and $Fe^{3+}$-bearing spinel from 280 peridotites. Most calculated $fO_{2}'s$ fall within $\pm2$ log units of the Fayalite-Magnetite-Quartz (FMQ) buffer at 15 kbar. Our data set defines a general trend in $fO_{2}$-T space that is not related to FMQ or to other Fe-bearing buffers. Variations in major-element, trace-element, and oxygen isotopic composition of xenoliths correlate with variations in calculated $fO_{2}$. Rare "fertile" xenoliths recor $fO_{2}'s$ close to WM (Wüstite-Magnetite) buffer at 15 kbar and 900°C. Xenoliths with both cryptic and/or modal metasomatic overprinting are generally oxidized relative to xenoliths without evidence of such open system processing. Based on trace element and oxygen isotopic data, the best candidate for the metasomatic agent is a $CO_{2}-H_{2}O$-rich fluid. We suggest that metasomatic fluids are derived from oxidized, hydrated material subducted at convergent margins and that this process may have led to progressive oxidation of the earth's upper mantle through much of geologic time. This is consistent with the observation that xenoliths from Hawaii and Tahiti record $fO_{2}'s$ higher than mantle array's average, as do some xenoliths from the circumpacific region.

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