Access

You are not currently logged in.

Access your personal account or get JSTOR access through your library or other institution:

login

Log in to your personal account or through your institution.

Risk Factors for Infections of the Oropharynx and the Respiratory Tract in Patients with Acute Leukemia

E. Kurrle, S. Bhaduri, D. Krieger, W. Gaus, H. Heimpel, H. Pflieger, R. Arnold and E. Vanek
The Journal of Infectious Diseases
Vol. 144, No. 2 (Aug., 1981), pp. 128-136
Published by: Oxford University Press
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/30082001
Page Count: 9
  • Download ($42.00)
  • Subscribe ($19.50)
  • Cite this Item
Risk Factors for Infections of the Oropharynx and the Respiratory Tract in Patients with Acute Leukemia
Preview not available

Abstract

The pathogenicity of microorganisms isolated by surveillance cultures, the neutrophil count in the peripheral blood, and the interaction of the two factors were analyzed as risk factors for infections of the oropharynx and the respiratory tract in patients with acute leukemia being treated in strict reverse isolation under antimicrobial modulation. A statistical method was developed for the identification of bacteria, the presence of which was correlated with an increased risk of infection. A significantly increased risk was found mainly for species of Klebsiella, Enterobacter, Proteus, and Pseudomonas. The degree of neutropenia was significantly correlated with the risk of infection, which was influenced by the microbiologic state of the oropharynx. Thus, patients with gram-negative bacilli had significantly more days with infection at all levels of neutropenia than patients without gram-negative bacilli. These two risk factors were additive but did not potentiate each other.

Page Thumbnails

  • Thumbnail: Page 
128
    128
  • Thumbnail: Page 
129
    129
  • Thumbnail: Page 
130
    130
  • Thumbnail: Page 
131
    131
  • Thumbnail: Page 
132
    132
  • Thumbnail: Page 
133
    133
  • Thumbnail: Page 
134
    134
  • Thumbnail: Page 
135
    135
  • Thumbnail: Page 
136
    136