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Two Attic Masons of the Late 4th Century B.C.

Michael B. Walbank
The Annual of the British School at Athens
Vol. 84 (1989), pp. 395-405
Published by: British School at Athens
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/30104566
Page Count: 11
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Two Attic Masons of the Late 4th Century B.C.
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Abstract

Discussed here, are the public inscriptions produced by two Attic masons of the late 4th century B.C., from the point of view of identifying and describing epigraphic 'hands.' The identification of their work rests upon the way in which certain key letter-shapes are used, and the consistency with which they are employed. Private documents have not been examined in this study. The first of these masons, the 'Mason of IG ii². 1195' (to which is added IG ii². 620), was active between c. 330 and 318 B.C. I identify seventeen inscriptions by this man, nearly all of them decrees of the Athenian State; four are, as yet, unpublished and are not discussed here. The second mason discussed here, the 'Mason of IG ii². 497', seems to have begun work in the late 320s B.C., and was still active c. 299/8 B.C. I attribute thirty-two inscriptions to this man, again most of them decrees of the Athenian State. Six are, as yet, unpublished and are not discussed. The work of these masons is distinctive, but not distinguished: there are sufficient similarities between them to suggest that they may have been master and pupil. /// Στην παϱούσα εϱγασία εξετάζονται οι δημόσιεϛ επιγϱαϕές ϰατασϰενασμένεϛ από δύο Αττιϰούϛ τέϰτονεϛ τον τέλουϛ του 4ου αιώνα π.Χ από την άπηψη τηϛ αναγνώϱισηϛ ϰαι πεϱιγϱαϕήϛ των επιγϱαϕιϰών χαϱαϰτηϱιστιϰών τύπων των. Η αναγνώοιση του έϱγου τουϛ βασίζεται στον τϱόπο χϱήσεωϛ οϱιωμένων βασιϰών στοιχείων γϱαμμάτνω, ϰαθώϛ ϰαι στη συνέπεια τηϛ χϱησιμοποίησήϛ τουϛ. Στη μελέτη αυτή δεν εξετάστηϰαν τεϰμήϱια ιδιωτιϰήϛ ϕύσεωϛ. Ο πϱώτον ασό τουν τέϰτονεϛ, ο 'Τέϰτοναϛ τηϛ ΙG ΙΙ².1195', (στον χαϱαϰτηϱισμό του οποίυ πϱοσθέτουμε ϰϱι τον ΙG ΙΙ².620), έδϱασυ μεταξύ των υτών π.330 ϰαι 318 π.Χ. Αναγνώϱισα δεϰαεπτά επιγϱαϕέϛ του, που πΧεδόν όλεϛ ήταν αποϕάσειϛ τηϛ Αθηναϊϰήϛ Πоλιτείαϛ· τέσσεϱειϛ από αυτέϛ δεν έχουν αϰόμη δημοσιευθεί ϰαι γιαυτό δεν θα συζητηθούν στην παϱούσα εϱγασία. Ο δεύτεϱοϛ τέϰτοναϛ, ο 'Тέϰτοναϛ τηϛ ІG ΙΙ².497', ϕαίνεται να άϱΧισς υα εϱγάζεται στα τέλη τηϛ δεϰαετίαϛ του 320 π.χ Και εμϕανίζεται δϱαστήϱιος μέχϱι το 299 με 298 π.Χ. πεϱίπου. Σ'αυτόν αποδίδω τϱιανταδύο επιγϱαφές, επίσης αποφάσεις της Αθηναϊϰής Πολιτείας στην πλειονότητά τούς. Έξη από αυτές δεν θα συζητηθούν, ως μη δημοσιευμένες αϰόμη. Η δουλειά των τεϰτόνων αυτών είναι χαϱαϰτηϱιστιϰή αλλά όχι διαϰεϰϱιμένη. Υπάϱχουν αϱϰετές ομοιότητες μεταξύ τούς που μας οδηγούν να υποδείξουμε ότι πιθανόν ο δεύτεϱος ήταν μαθητής του πϱώτου.

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