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Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine Primes for Polysaccharide-Inducible IgG2 Antibody Response in Children with Recurrent Otitis Media Acuta

Mijke A. Breukels, Ger T. Rijkers, Marleen M. Voorhorst-Ogink, Ben J. M. Zegers and Lieke A. M. Sanders
The Journal of Infectious Diseases
Vol. 179, No. 5 (May, 1999), pp. 1152-1156
Published by: Oxford University Press
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/30111852
Page Count: 5
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Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine Primes for Polysaccharide-Inducible IgG2 Antibody Response in Children with Recurrent Otitis Media Acuta
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Abstract

Children with frequent recurrent episodes of otitis media may have a deficient IgG2 antibody response to polysaccharide antigens. Five otitis-prone children were vaccinated with heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine. While all had an IgG1 antibody response to all pneumococcal serotypes included in the conjugate vaccine, the IgG2 response, especially to serotypes 6B, 9V, 19F, and 23F, was poor. However, vaccination with a 23-valent polysaccharide vaccine 6 months after conjugate vaccination induced an 11.5- to 163-fold increase in IgG2 anti-polysaccharide antibody titers. Thus, an IgG2 polysaccharide antibody deficiency can be overcome by priming with a pneumococcal conjugate vaccine followed by a booster with a polyvalent polysaccharide vaccine.

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