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Amdinocillin Treatment of Catheter-Associated Bacteriuria in Rabbits

Merle E. Olson, J. Curtis Nickel, Antoine E. Khoury, Douglas W. Morck, Roy Cleeland and J. William Costerton
The Journal of Infectious Diseases
Vol. 159, No. 6 (Jun., 1989), pp. 1065-1072
Published by: Oxford University Press
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/30137433
Page Count: 8
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Amdinocillin Treatment of Catheter-Associated Bacteriuria in Rabbits
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Abstract

The effect of the β-lactam antibiotic, amdinocillin, on the bacterial biofilm adherent to the Foley catheter surface, the bacterial microcolonies attached to the urinary bladder mucosa, and on planktonic bacteria in the urine was studied in a rabbit model of the closed urinary catheter drainage system. Progressively increasing the dose of antibiotic in this experimental catheter-associated urinary tract infection model first eliminated the bacterial population adherent to the bladder mucosa and then the planktonic population in the urine. The bacterial biofilm on the Foley catheter could be eradicated only by the highest dose of antibiotic (400 mg/kg). Scanning electron microscopy showed a gradual deterioration of bacterial biofilm and reduction in bacterial numbers with increasing antibiotic dosages. These data suggest that antibiotics used in short-term catheterization may reduce the serious sequelae associated with catheter-related infections by clearing the potentially dangerous bladder mucosal bacterial populations and urine planktonic bacteria.

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