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Pius XI. und die "Zeitirrtümer". Die Initiativen der römischen Inquisition gegen Rassismus und Nationalismus

Hubert Wolf
Vierteljahrshefte für Zeitgeschichte
53. Jahrg., H. 1 (Jan., 2005), pp. IV, 1-42
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/30197302
Page Count: 43
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Abstract

Hubert Wolf, Leibniz-Preisträger und im Herbst 2004 mit dem Communicator-Preis ausgezeichnet, konnte als einer der Ersten die neu geöffneten Bestände in den Vatikanischen Archiven und im Archiv der Römischen Glaubenskongregation einsehen. Inzwischen kann er viele Fragen der Geschichtswissenschaft beantworten: Warum gelangte Hitlers "Mein Kampf" nie auf den Index? Wie entstand die Enzyklika "Mit brennender Sorge" von 1937? Und weshalb unterblieb eine weitere, intensiv vorbereitete Verurteilung von Rassismus und Nationalismus? /// Based on sources that have only been accessible since February 2003, this essay shows that the Roman Curia took a close look at National Socialist ideology in the years between 1934 and 1937. In the centre of this examination, there was Hitler's Mein Kampf. Interestingly, the initiator of the project was Alois Hudal, who also suggested putting Rosenberg's Mythus des 20. Jahrhunderts on the index. The Holy See asked German Jesuits to draw up a syllabus of sentences that were to be condemned; most of these sentences went back to things Hitler had uttered. Yet, this solemn syllabus against racism, which was almost completed, never appeared in print; several times the matter was postponed to some unspecific date. Nevertheless, some important elements of the syllabus have become publicly known, both in the eight statements of the Sacred Congregation of Seminaries and Universities published in 1938, and in the papal encyclica "Mit brennender Sorge" of 1937.

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