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Asymptotics in Response-Adaptive Designs Generated by a Two-Color, Randomly Reinforced Urn

Caterina May and Nancy Flournoy
The Annals of Statistics
Vol. 37, No. 2 (Apr., 2009), pp. 1058-1078
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/30243658
Page Count: 21
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Asymptotics in Response-Adaptive Designs Generated by a Two-Color, Randomly Reinforced Urn
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Abstract

This paper illustrates asymptotic properties for a response-adaptive design generated by a two-color, randomly reinforced urn model. The design considered is optimal in the sense that it assigns patients to the best treatment, with probability converging to one. An approach to show the joint asymptotic normality of the estimators of the mean responses to the treatments is provided in spite of the fact that allocation proportions converge to zero and one. Results on the rate of convergence of the number of patients assigned to each treatment are also obtained. Finally, we study the asymptotic behavior of a suitable test statistic.

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