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Anticipatory Socialization and Male Catholic Adolescent Socio-Political Attitudes

James M. O'Kane, Lloyd Barenblatt, Philip K. Jensen and Lillian T. Cochran
Sociometry
Vol. 40, No. 1 (Mar., 1977), pp. 67-77
DOI: 10.2307/3033547
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3033547
Page Count: 11
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Anticipatory Socialization and Male Catholic Adolescent Socio-Political Attitudes
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Abstract

In an investigation of the relationship between anticipated social mobility-stability and resultant social and political ideology, it was hypothesized that the attitudes of male Catholic adolescents could be explained in terms of their future social class positioning. Four groups were analyzed: a) middle-class youth who would be predictably middle class in their future, b) middle-class youth who would be working class, c) working-class youth who would be middle class, and d) working-class youth who would remain working class. The dependent variables include measures of economic liberalism, noneconomic liberalism and ethnocentrism. Controls were introduced for intelligence. The results support Merton and Kitt's thesis of anticipatory socialization. The importance of the subjects' class of destination, as opposed to their class of origin is underscored. This implies that anticipatory socialization is a primary explanation for the differential attitudes, attitudes which are formulated before these adolescents have either undergone mobility or achieved a status position equal to their class of destination.

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