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Bias in Reward Allocation in an Intergroup and an Interpersonal Context
Graham M. Vaughan, Henri Tajfel and Jennifer Williams
Social Psychology Quarterly
Vol. 44, No. 1 (Mar., 1981), pp. 37-42
Published by: American Sociological Association
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3033861
Page Count: 6
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Children's strategies in giving money to others were examined in an intergroup condition, based on a "weak" act of social categorization, and in an interpersonal condition, based on "strong" friendship choice. Over a series of trials, coins were arranged on cards so that each decision was made in a 3 X 2 matrix. Children used a Maximum Difference (relative gain) strategy to a marked degree, a Maximum Ingroup Payoff (absolute gain) to some extent, but a Maximum Joint Payoff strategy hardly at all. The Maximum Difference strategy was used as much in the "weak" intergroup condition as in the "strong" interpersonal condition, and as frequently among younger as among older children.
Social Psychology Quarterly © 1981 American Sociological Association