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Bias in Reward Allocation in an Intergroup and an Interpersonal Context

Graham M. Vaughan, Henri Tajfel and Jennifer Williams
Social Psychology Quarterly
Vol. 44, No. 1 (Mar., 1981), pp. 37-42
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3033861
Page Count: 6
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Bias in Reward Allocation in an Intergroup and an Interpersonal Context
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Abstract

Children's strategies in giving money to others were examined in an intergroup condition, based on a "weak" act of social categorization, and in an interpersonal condition, based on "strong" friendship choice. Over a series of trials, coins were arranged on cards so that each decision was made in a 3 X 2 matrix. Children used a Maximum Difference (relative gain) strategy to a marked degree, a Maximum Ingroup Payoff (absolute gain) to some extent, but a Maximum Joint Payoff strategy hardly at all. The Maximum Difference strategy was used as much in the "weak" intergroup condition as in the "strong" interpersonal condition, and as frequently among younger as among older children.

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