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Structural Effects on Children's Friendships and Cliques

Maureen T. Hallinan
Social Psychology Quarterly
Vol. 42, No. 1 (Mar., 1979), pp. 43-54
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3033872
Page Count: 12
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Structural Effects on Children's Friendships and Cliques
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Abstract

This paper examines the effects of class size, classroom organization, and grade on patterns of friendship choice and clique formation. Several hypotheses were tested on cross-sectional sociometric data from 51 sixth, seventh, and eighth grades and on longitudinal data from 11 fourth, fifth, and sixth grades. Classroom characteristics were found to affect friendliness and popularity, incidence of cross-sex friendships and number of social isolates per class, as well as number and size of cliques, percentage of students isolated from cliques, and clique stability over a school year.

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