Access

You are not currently logged in.

Access your personal account or get JSTOR access through your library or other institution:

login

Log in to your personal account or through your institution.

Fishes of the Greenbrier River, West Virginia, with Drainage History of the Central Appalachians

Charles H. Hocutt, Robert F. Denoncourt and Jay R. Stauffer, Jr.
Journal of Biogeography
Vol. 5, No. 1 (Mar., 1978), pp. 59-80
Published by: Wiley
DOI: 10.2307/3038108
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3038108
Page Count: 22
  • Download ($42.00)
  • Subscribe ($19.50)
  • Cite this Item
Fishes of the Greenbrier River, West Virginia, with Drainage History of the Central Appalachians
Preview not available

Abstract

The Mississippi river valley was the origin of dispersal of the majority of freshwater fishes east of the Rocky Mountains. The Pliocene Teays river was the major drainage from the east-central United States to the ancestral Mississippi. In the north, the Pittsburgh river flowed northward to join the Pliocene Laurentian river. The advance of Pleistocene glaciation brought about profound drainage reorganization and influenced faunal extinctions through ecological changes. Headwater tributaries, remote from the ice fronts, were less severely affected by these changes and served as refugia. The allegheny-Ohio river eventually succeeded the Teays river as the major eastern drainage to the Mississippi. The New (upper Kanawha) river basin is a remnant of the ancient Teays system. The Greenbrier river, a tributary to New river in West Virginia, was a subsequent centre of dispersal of fishes as the Pleistocene ice front receded. Major captures occurred with the Monongahela river to enhance dispersal, but were not limited to that drainage. A total of fifty-three fish species is presently known from the Greenbrier river, with eighteen others listed as expected. The depauperate fauna is influenced by limiting factors associated with the New river system.

Page Thumbnails

  • Thumbnail: Page 
59
    59
  • Thumbnail: Page 
60
    60
  • Thumbnail: Page 
61
    61
  • Thumbnail: Page 
62
    62
  • Thumbnail: Page 
63
    63
  • Thumbnail: Page 
64
    64
  • Thumbnail: Page 
65
    65
  • Thumbnail: Page 
66
    66
  • Thumbnail: Page 
67
    67
  • Thumbnail: Page 
68
    68
  • Thumbnail: Page 
69
    69
  • Thumbnail: Page 
70
    70
  • Thumbnail: Page 
71
    71
  • Thumbnail: Page 
72
    72
  • Thumbnail: Page 
73
    73
  • Thumbnail: Page 
74
    74
  • Thumbnail: Page 
75
    75
  • Thumbnail: Page 
76
    76
  • Thumbnail: Page 
77
    77
  • Thumbnail: Page 
78
    78
  • Thumbnail: Page 
79
    79
  • Thumbnail: Page 
80
    80