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Late Pleistocene Faunal Remains from Seton Rock Shelter, Kangaroo Island, South Australia

J. H. Hope, R. J. Lampert, E. Edmondson, M. J. Smith and G. F. van Tets
Journal of Biogeography
Vol. 4, No. 4 (Dec., 1977), pp. 363-385
Published by: Wiley
DOI: 10.2307/3038194
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3038194
Page Count: 23
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Late Pleistocene Faunal Remains from Seton Rock Shelter, Kangaroo Island, South Australia
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Abstract

Seton rock shelter (35⚬ 59'S, 137⚬ 03'E) is located in the southwest of Kangaroo Island, South Australia. Excavation of the late Pleistocene deposit in the rock shelter has provided a rich assemblage of mammal, bird and reptile remains dating from more than 16 000 BP to about 10 000 BP. Analysis of these remains shows that the late Pleistocene fauna of Kangaroo Island was more extensive than the depauperate island fauna of today. The disappearance of many species reflects a reduction in open vegetation probably due to a combination of climatic change, the separation of the island postglacially by rising sea level, and the disappearance of a human population within the last 5000 years. The deposit also provides evidence for the contemporaneity of man and one of the extinct Pleistocene kangaroos, Sthenurus cf. gilli, at 16 000 BP.

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