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Sequence Conservation at Human and Mouse Orthologous Common Fragile Regions, FRA3B/FHIT and Fra14A2/Fhit

Takeshi Shiraishi, Teresa Druck, Koshi Mimori, Jacob Flomenberg, Lori Berk, Hansjuerg Alder, Webb Miller, Kay Huebner and Carlo M. Croce
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol. 98, No. 10 (May 8, 2001), pp. 5722-5727
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3055694
Page Count: 6
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Sequence Conservation at Human and Mouse Orthologous Common Fragile Regions, FRA3B/FHIT and Fra14A2/Fhit
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Abstract

It has been suggested that delayed DNA replication underlies fragility at common human fragile sites, but specific sequences responsible for expression of these inducible fragile sites have not been identified. One approach to identify such cis-acting sequences within the large nonexonic regions of fragile sites would be to identify conserved functional elements within orthologous fragile sites by interspecies sequence comparison. This study describes a comparison of orthologous fragile regions, the human FRA3B/FHIT and the murine Fra14A2/Fhit locus. We sequenced over 600 kbp of the mouse Fra14A2, covering the region orthologous to the fragile epicenter of FRA3B, and determined the Fhit deletion break points in a mouse kidney cancer cell line (RENCA). The murine Fra14A2 locus, like the human FRA3B, was characterized by a high AT content. Alignment of the two sequences showed that this fragile region was stable in evolution despite its susceptibility to mitotic recombination on inhibition of DNA replication. There were also several unusual highly conserved regions (HCRs). The positions of predicted matrix attachment regions (MARs), possibly related to replication origins, were not conserved. Of known fragile region landmarks, five cancer cell break points, one viral integration site, and one aphidicolin break cluster were located within or near HCRs. Thus, comparison of orthologous fragile regions has identified highly conserved sequences with possible functional roles in maintenance of fragility.

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