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Would School Choice Change the Teaching Profession?

Caroline M. Hoxby
The Journal of Human Resources
Vol. 37, No. 4 (Autumn, 2002), pp. 846-891
DOI: 10.2307/3069619
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3069619
Page Count: 46
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Would School Choice Change the Teaching Profession?
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Abstract

When parents have some form of school choice, schools should want to hire and keep teachers who help them attract students. Thus, parental freedom to choose schools may affect how schools structure teaching jobs and teachers' pay. This paper investigates whether schools that face choice-based incentives actually do create teaching jobs that are different. Using data on traditional forms of choice (Tiebout choice, choice of private schools) and a new survey of charter school teachers, I find evidence that suggests that choice makes schools place more value on teachers' effort, teachers' independence, the quality of teachers' college education, and teachers' math and science skills.

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