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Expanding Pyrimidine Diphosphosugar Libraries Via Structure-Based Nucleotidylyltransferase Engineering
William A. Barton, John B. Biggins, Jiqing Jiang, Jon S. Thorson and Dimitar B. Nikolov
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol. 99, No. 21 (Oct. 15, 2002), pp. 13397-13402
Published by: National Academy of Sciences
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3073417
Page Count: 6
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In vitro "glycorandomization" is a chemoenzymatic approach for generating diverse libraries of glycosylated biomolecules based on natural product scaffolds. This technology makes use of engineered variants of specific enzymes affecting metabolite glycosylation, particularly nucleotidylyltransferases and glycosyltransferases. To expand the repertoire of UDP/dTDP sugars readily available for glycorandomization, we now report a structure-based engineering approach to increase the diversity of α-D-hexopyranosyl phosphates accepted by Salmonella enterica LT2 α-D-glucopyranosyl phosphate thymidylyltransferase (Ep). This article highlights the design rationale, determined substrate specificity, and structural elucidation of three "designed" mutations, illustrating both the success and unexpected outcomes from this type of approach. In addition, a single amino acid substitution in the substrate-binding pocket (L89T) was found to significantly increase the set of α-D-hexopyranosyl phosphates accepted by Ep to include α-D-allo-, α-D-altro-, and α-D-talopyranosyl phosphate. In aggregate, our results provide valuable blueprints for altering nucleotidylyltransferase specificity by design, which is the first step toward in vitro glycorandomization.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America © 2002 National Academy of Sciences