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Interactions of Climate Change with Biological Invasions and Land Use in the Hawaiian Islands: Modeling the Fate of Endemic Birds Using a Geographic Information System
Tracy L. Benning, Dennis LaPointe, Carter T. Atkinson and Peter M. Vitousek
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol. 99, No. 22 (Oct. 29, 2002), pp. 14246-14249
Published by: National Academy of Sciences
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3073571
Page Count: 4
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The Hawaiian honeycreepers (Drepanidae) represent a superb illustration of evolutionary radiation, with a single colonization event giving rise to 19 extant and at least 10 extinct species [Curnutt, J. & Pimm, S. (2001) Stud. Avian Biol. 22, 15-30]. They also represent a dramatic example of anthropogenic extinction. Crop and pasture land has replaced their forest habitat, and human introductions of predators and diseases, particularly of mosquitoes and avian malaria, has eliminated them from the remaining low- and mid-elevation forests. Landscape analyses of three high-elevation forest refuges show that anthropogenic climate change is likely to combine with past land-use changes and biological invasions to drive several of the remaining species to extinction, especially on the islands of Kauai and Hawaii.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America © 2002 National Academy of Sciences