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Regulation of Cerebral Cortical Size by Control of Cell Cycle Exit in Neural Precursors
Anjen Chenn and Christopher A. Walsh
New Series, Vol. 297, No. 5580 (Jul. 19, 2002), pp. 365-369
Published by: American Association for the Advancement of Science
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3077171
Page Count: 5
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Transgenic animals, Neurons, Stem cells, Cell cycle, Brain, Progenitor cells, Surface areas, Neuroscience, Neural stem cells, Cerebral cortex
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Transgenic mice expressing a stabilized β-catenin in neural precursors develop enlarged brains with increased cerebral cortical surface area and folds resembling sulci and gyri of higher mammals. Brains from transgenic animals have enlarged lateral ventricles lined with neuroepithelial precursor cells, reflecting an expansion of the precursor population. Compared with wild-type precursors, a greater proportion of transgenic precursors reenter the cell cycle after mitosis. These results show that β-catenin can function in the decision of precursors to proliferate or differentiate during mammalian neuronal development and suggest that β-catenin can regulate cerebral cortical size by controlling the generation of neural precursor cells.
Science © 2002 American Association for the Advancement of Science