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Bones, Bombs, and Break Points: The Geography of Economic Activity

Donald R. Davis and David E. Weinstein
The American Economic Review
Vol. 92, No. 5 (Dec., 2002), pp. 1269-1289
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3083250
Page Count: 21
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Bones, Bombs, and Break Points: The Geography of Economic Activity
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Abstract

We consider the distribution of economic activity within a country in light of three leading theories-increasing returns, random growth, and locational fundamentals. To do so, we examine the distribution of regional population in Japan from the Stone Age to the modern era. We also consider the Allied bombing of Japanese cities in WWII as a shock to relative city sizes. Our results support a hybrid theory in which locational fundamentals establish the spatial pattern of relative regional densities, but increasing returns help to determine the degree of spatial differentiation. Long-run city size is robust even to large temporary shocks.

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