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The Vedic Imperatives yódhi 'Fight' and bodhi 'Heed'

Jay H. Jasanoff
Journal of the American Oriental Society
Vol. 122, No. 2, Indic and Iranian Studies in Honor of Stanley Insler on His Sixty-Fifth Birthday (Apr. - Jun., 2002), pp. 290-295
DOI: 10.2307/3087623
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3087623
Page Count: 6
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The Vedic Imperatives yódhi 'Fight' and bodhi 'Heed'
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Abstract

The 2nd sg. imperatives yódhi (: yudh- 'fight') and bodhi (: budh- 'awake, heed') are usually seen as athematic imperatives in -dhi with irregular guṅa of the root syllable and reduction of the geminate cluster -ddhi- to -dh-. It is argued here, by contrast, that these forms are actually analogical creations on the basis of the 2nd sg. imperative jóṣi (: juṣ- 'enjoy'). Etymologically and historically, jóṣi is a "si- imperative" (* jóṣ-ṣi), haplologized from a 2nd sg. subjunctive * jóṣasi / *ĝéusesi. Synchronically, however, it appeared to be an "i-imperative" based on the gunated root, and the overall parallelism of the verbs yudh-, budh-, and juṣ- led to the creation of yódhi and bodhi on the same model.

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