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The Corporate Social Performance-Financial Performance Link

Sandra A. Waddock and Samuel B. Graves
Strategic Management Journal
Vol. 18, No. 4 (Apr., 1997), pp. 303-319
Published by: Wiley
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3088143
Page Count: 17
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The Corporate Social Performance-Financial Performance Link
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Abstract

Strategic managers are consistently faced with the decision of how to allocate scarce corporate resources in an environment that is placing more and more pressures on them. Recent scholarship in strategic management suggests that many of these pressures come directly from sources associated with social issues in management, rather than traditional arenas of strategic management. Using a greatly improved source of data on corporate social performance, this paper reports the results of a rigorous study of the empirical linkages between financial and social performance. Corporate social performance (CSP) is found to be positively associated with prior financial performance, supporting the theory that slack resource availability and CSP are positively related. CSP is also found to be positively associated with future financial performance, supporting the theory that good management and CSP are positively related.

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