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Natural Hybridization between Two South American Diploid Species of Andropogon (Gramineae)
F. Galdeano and G. Norrmann
The Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society
Vol. 127, No. 2 (Apr. - Jun., 2000), pp. 101-106
Published by: Torrey Botanical Society
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3088687
Page Count: 6
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Hybridity, Species, Diploidy, Genomes, Spikelets, Plants, Chromosomes, Pollen, Genetic hybridization, Biological taxonomies
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In two mixed populations of Andropogon selloanus (Hack.) Hack. and A. macrothrix Trin. from northeastern Argentina we found two individuals that were morphologically intermediate between these two taxa. The hypothesis that these individuals were natural hybrids was tested through comparisons with a controlled hybrid obtained from the cross A. selloanus x A. macrothrix. The results show that there are neither morphological, nor cytological, nor reproductive differences among intermediate individuals and the controlled hybrid; therefore they deserve to be regarded as products of natural hybridization. Meiotic chromosome behavior in the hybrids indicates that these two species share different forms of a basic genome (S), which accounts for the complete sterility of the hybrids. Therefore, although hybrids are produced in natural populations, the two taxa are apparently well isolated and gene flow between them looks highly improbable. The S genome is also known to be present in A. ternatus, a South American triploid with strong similarities to A. macrothrix.
The Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society © 2000 Torrey Botanical Society