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Intellectualization and Art World Development: Film in the United States

Shyon Baumann
American Sociological Review
Vol. 66, No. 3 (Jun., 2001), pp. 404-426
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3088886
Page Count: 23
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Intellectualization and Art World Development: Film in the United States
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Abstract

The social history of film in the United States is examined to illuminate the ideological and organizational foundations of the valuation of art. Attempts to valorize film as art began in film's first decades. Thereafter, a series of key events and actions in the late 1950s and 1960s, both inside and outside the film world, resulted in a shift in audiences' perception of film-from a form of entertainment to a cultural genre that could properly be appreciated as art. This shift in perception was made possible by the opening of an artistic niche brought about by changes outside the film world, by the institutionalization of resources and practices within the film world, and by the employment of an intellectualizing discourse by film critics.

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