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Religion, Social Milieu, and the Contraceptive Revolution

Victor Agadjanian
Population Studies
Vol. 55, No. 2 (Jul., 2001), pp. 135-148
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3092959
Page Count: 14
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Religion, Social Milieu, and the Contraceptive Revolution
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Abstract

This study examines how the social environment of religious congregations affects the spread of contraceptive use in developing contexts, using Mozambique as a case study. Analysis of qualitative data collected in urban areas of that country in 1998-99 and of the data from the 1997 Mozambique Demographic and Health Survey suggests that, in urban areas, the environment of more socioculturally diverse and inclusive Roman Catholic and mission-based Protestant congregations is more propitious to the spread and legitimization of modern contraception than the milieu of smaller, relatively homogeneous, independent churches. In rural areas, however, sociocultural diversity within and across different religious denominations is minimal, and membership in any formal congregation offers an advantage in contraceptive learning.

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