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The author utilizes data gathered in the late 1960s for The Naval Aristocracy (1972), but now analyzed more thoroughly in "time-series" fashion, to answer the question of whether the social background (in particular, the father's occupation) of the "Young Turk" generation of officers of the "New Navy" days of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries appears to have mattered. The results confirm his previously published findings regarding the graduates of the Annapolis class of 1920 and West Point class of 1946 who, like their post-Civil War "Young Turk" predecessors, also faced "doldrum years" with regard to promotion rates after World Wars I and II-that is, the sons of "public-service-oriented" fathers disproportionately "stuck to their lasts" and rose to flag rank.
The Journal of Military History