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The Αὐλός or Tibia

Albert A. Howard
Harvard Studies in Classical Philology
Vol. 4 (1893), pp. 1-60
DOI: 10.2307/310399
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/310399
Page Count: 62
Subjects: Classical Studies
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The Αὐλός or Tibia
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Notes and References

This item contains 86 references.

[Footnotes]
  • 1
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Ovid, F. VI. 662
    • Plut. de mus. ch. V., Pollux IV. 74 sq
    • Pollux IV. 74-75, etc
    • Victor Loret, Les flûtes égyptiennes antiques, Journal Asiatique, 1889, pp. III sqq
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    page 19
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    Journal Asiatique, 1889, pp. 197 sqq.
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • πΟλΏΤρηΤΟπ, Pollux IV. 80
    • Anth. Pal. 9. 266, 505. 5
  • 2
    This reference contains 5 citations:
    • Multiforatilis, Apul. Flor. 3, p. 341, Met. 10. 32
    • multifora, Ov. Met. XII. 158
    • Sen. Agam. 358
    • multiforabilis, Apul. Met. 10, p. 254
    • Sidon. ep. 8. 9
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Relief in Naples Mus. No. 6684
    • Baumeister, fig. 598
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    Helbig WandgemÄlde, Nos. 56, 69, 730, 765, etc
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    This reference contains 8 citations:
    • Paris, Louvre, Fröhner's Cat. No. 85 (photograph in H. d'Escamps, Marbres du Musée Campana, pl. 25)
    • Fröhner, No. 378 (heliotype from photograph pl. I. I, of this article)
    • Munich, Glyptothek, No. 188 (reproduc- tion from a photograph, Baumeister, fig. 1186)
    • Rome, Lateran Museum, No. 751 (inexact engraving in Mon. dell' Inst. VI.-VII. 80, 2)
    • Vatican Museum, sar- cophagus representing Cupids as Muses (inaccurate engraving in Museo Pio Clem. IV. 15)
    • Florence, sarcophagus representing contest between Sirens and Muses
    • Baumeister, fig. 1704, from an engraving)
    • London, British Mus., sarcophagus from Townley Coll. (inaccurate engraving in Anc. Marb. of the B. M. II. 35)
  • 2
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Museo Pio Clementino, Vol. IV. pl. 15
    • Euterpe
    • Millin, Galerie Mythologique, Plate XX. Fig. 64
    • Museo Borbonico, Vol. XI. tav. 59
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    Helbig, Nos. 730, 765, 1140
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    Athenaeus IV. 78
  • 2
    Loret, p. 126
  • 3
    This reference contains 7 citations:
    • Louvre, Frohner, No. 240
    • Hel- Louvre, Frohner, No. 240
    • Louvre, Frohner, Nos. 287, 382, 395
    • Rome, Cap. Mus., Helbig's Fuhrer, Nos. 430(12), 512(10)
    • Vatican, Helbig, No. 209 (406)
    • Nunich, Glyptothek, Nos. 105, 106
    • Berlin, Antiken Skulpturen, 258, 259, 602
  • 1
    Athenaeus IV. 78.
  • 2
    This reference contains 6 citations:
    • Heuzey, Les figurines, etc., pl. 136
    • Helbig, WandgemÄlde, No. 760
    • Mus. Pio Clem. V. 13
    • Anc. Marb. II. 36
    • Louvre, Fröhner, Nos. 262, 263
    • Berlin, Ant. Skulpturen, Nos. 260, 261; Rome, Vatican, Helbig's Führer, No. 19 (36 A)
  • 3
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Helbig, WandgemÄlde, No. 760
    • Zahn III. 31
    • Mus. Bor. XV. 18
  • 4
    Compte Rendu, 1867, p. 45, atlas, pl. 6.
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Fröhner, No. 88
    • Clarac, pl. 130, 139, n. 141
  • 2
    Heuzey, Les figurines, etc., p. 136.
  • 3
    Loret, p. 209
  • 4
    Loret, p. 219.
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    Loret, p. 219
  • 2
    Mus. Pio Clem. V. 13.
  • 4
    Porphyrius ad Ptol., p. 249
  • 5
    Anc. Marb. II. 36.
  • 6
    Cat. Nos. 84, 4-9, 5 and 6.
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Mus. Borb. XVI. 3
    • Baumeister, fig. 595
  • 2
    Perhaps Plin. N. H. VII
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    note to its octave (2: I)
  • 2
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Gevaert, Hist. de la Musique, II. p. 275
    • Wilkinson's Mfanners and Customs of the Egyptians, Vol. II. pl. 183
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    Rawlinson, Ancient Monarchies, Vol. I., p. 533
  • 2
    Pausanias, X. 7. 4.
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    Pausanias, IX. 30. 2.
  • 2
    Mon. deli' Inst. V. Io.
  • 3
    Aesch. contra Ctes. 229, Bekker.
  • 4
    Aristot. Hist. an. p. 565 a 22.
  • 5
    Theophrastus, Hist. Plant. IV. II.
  • 6
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Aristophanes, Achar. 681, schol
    • Etym. Mag., s.v. έκηυληΝέΝΟπ
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    Friedrich Zamminer, Die Musik und die musikalischen Instrumente, Giessen, 1855, p. 305, confirms this statement.
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Baumeister, Denkm., p. 553
    • Gevaert, II. p. 282
  • 2
    Wilkinson, Ancient Egyptians, Vol. II., p. 308
  • 3
    Vergil, Ecl. I. 2, X. 51
  • 4
    Tibullus, II. I. 53, III. 4. 71.
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Baumeister, Denkm., p. 553
    • Gevaert, Hist. de la musique, II. 280
    • Baumeister, p. 554
    • Loret, p. 234 sq
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    Porphyrius, p. 250
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    Pollux, II. 108, VII. 153, X. 153-4.
  • 2
    Baumeister, Denkm., p. 554, Fig. 591.
  • 3
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Bartholinus, de tibüs veterum, pp. 51, 52
    • J. P. Bellori, Admiranda Rom. antiq. vestigia, pl. 47
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    Pollux, IV. 70.
  • 2
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Pollux, IV. 70
    • Hesych. s.v. ΜερΟπ Τι ΤΟΏ αάλΟΏ πρόπ Τψ ΣΤόΜαΤι η αί γλΩΤΤίδεπ
    • καί ΏπόΦεΜά Τι
    • η Aug. Wagener reads η. Ptol. Harm. I. 3, p. 7, ed. Wallis
  • 3
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Jahn, Bericht. der SÄchs. Acad., 1867, taf. I. 4
    • Schreiber, Bilderatlas, taf. LXVII., Fig. 3
  • 4
    Von Jan, Baumeister's Denk., p. 556
  • 5
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Helbig, WandgemÄlde, No. 114
    • όλΜΟπ, cf. Mon. dell' Inst. VI. 18
    • H. d'Escamps Marbres du Musée Campana, pl. 25
    • Baumeister, fig. 598
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Schol. Ar. Vesp. 580
    • Hesych., s.v.; Suidas, s.v
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Pollux, VII. 153
    • Mon. dell' Inst. XI. 27 et al
  • 2
    Aristoxenus, Harm., ed. Marquard, p. 28.
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Gevaert, Hist. de la Musique, II. 285
    • von Jan, Baumeister, Denk., 556
  • 2
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Aristotle, de audib., p. 804 a
    • Porphyrius, ed. Wallis, p. 249
    • id. ib., p. 252
  • 3
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • K. von Jan, in Philologus, XXXVIII., p. 382
    • Por- phyrius, p. 249
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    Zamminer, die Musik u. die mus. Instr., p. 301
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • von Jan (Phil. XXXVIII., p. 382)
    • Etym. Mag. s.v. ΣΏριγξ
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • von Jan, in Baumeister's DenkmÄler, p. 261
    • No. 76892
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Pausanias, IX. 12. 5
    • Athenaeus, XIV. 31
  • 2
    This reference contains 6 citations:
    • Tib. II. I. 85, Phrygio tibia curua sono
    • Verg. Aen. XI. 737, curua choros indixit tibia Bacchi
    • Ov. Met. III. 533, adunco tibia cornu
    • Met. IV. 392
    • Ov. ex P. I. I. 39
    • Ov. F. IV. S11, inflexo Berecynthia tibia cornu
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    This reference contains 8 citations:
    • Servius ad Aen. XI. 737
    • kanc tibianm Graeci rwXayi- avXov uocant, Latini uascam tibiam
    • p. 14 sq
    • Latin name tibia obliqua
    • yiavXos and tibia obliqua
    • Pollux, IV. 74
    • Pliny, N. H. VII. 204
    • Solinus, 5. 19
  • 2
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Rom. antiq. uestig., P1. 17 and 47
    • Bartolinus, de tibüs ueterum, p. 52
    • Helbig, Führer durch die öffentlichen Sammlungen Rom's, II., No. 805, note
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    Baumeister, Denkm., p. 563.
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Porphyrius, p. 217, ed. Wallis
    • Plut. non posse suav. 13
  • 2
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Sophocles, frag. 468
    • Athenaeus, IV. 84
    • Eurip. Hel. 1349
    • Aristoph. Nub. 313
  • 3
    Hist. de la musique, II. 273
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Athenaeus, IV. 76;
    • Pollux, IV. 76
    • Festus, p. 95
    • Solinus, 5. 19
  • 2
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Athenaeus, IV. 79
    • Pollux, IV. 82.
  • 3
    Hesychius, s.v. ηΜίΟπΟι
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    This reference contains 4 citations:
    • Acro (ad Hor. Carm. IV. 15, 30)
    • Lydiis tibüs laeta
    • Phrygiis trislia
    • Carm. III. 19. 17
[Footnotes]
  • 2
    This reference contains 6 citations:
    • Karl von Jan, in Fleckeisen's Jahrbücher, 1879, P- 583
    • R. Westphal, Die Musik des Griechischen Alterthums, p. 168 fg
    • Boeotius, Inst. mus. I. 3, fin
    • ' Est enim consonantia dissimilium inter se uocum concordia
    • id. ib. I. 28
    • Censorinus (de die nat., X. Io)
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    This reference contains 3 citations:
    • Westphal, Harmonik, p. 113
    • Gevaert, Hist. de la Mus., I. 364
    • K. von Jan, Jahrbücher, 1879, p. 583
  • 2
    Christ, Anth. Carm. Christ., p. I 13.
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    This reference contains 5 citations:
    • page 4, note
    • Louvre, Frz;hner, No. 300
    • Festus, p. og9
    • These two works of art are a sarcophagus, No. 751
    • Museum at Rome, and the sarcophagus, No. 300
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    This reference contains 10 citations:
    • Total length, 199⅙. A, 111⅙, diam. 14
    • B, 2⅕⅙, diam. 14
    • C, 458, diam. 14
    • D, 51– diam. 14
    • E, 614, diam. 14
    • F, 718, diam. 5⅙
    • G, 711⅙ to 858, a band in which no hole was visible
    • H, 914, diam 5⅙
    • I, 107⅙, diam. 932
    • K, 115⅙, diam. 5⅙ L, on the under side of the tube, 1212, diam. 5⅙.
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    This reference contains 11 citations:
    • C, 238, diam. 14
    • D, 358, diam. 5⅙
    • E, 438 to 514, a band in which there is no hole
    • F, 548, diam. 5⅙
    • G, 65⅙, diam. 5⅙
    • H, 718, diam. 5⅙
    • I, 818, diam. 38
    • K, 934, diam. 38
    • L, 11, diam. 14
    • I 1112, diam. 14 (this hole is on the under side of the tube)
    • N, 121116, diam. 5⅙.
  • 1
    This reference contains 10 citations:
    • Total length, 1938. A, 12, diam. 14
    • B, 158 , diam. 5⅙
    • C, a band without hole or mechanism for turning; D, 33⅙, diam. 5⅙
    • E, 434, diam. 732
    • F, 57⅙, diam. 14
    • G, 614, diam. 14
    • H, 718, diam. 14
    • I, 7⅕⅙, diam. 5⅙
    • k, 93⅙, diam. 14
    • M, II, diam. 14 on the under side of the tube; N, 123⅙, diam. 14.
  • 2
    This reference contains 15 citations:
    • Total length, 2118
    • A, 9⅙, diam. 14
    • B, a band without a hole from 1 to 2
    • C, 238, diam. 932
    • D, 312, diam. 5⅙
    • E, 4⅓⅙ diam. 14
    • F, 558 , diam. 5⅙9 G, 612, diam. 14
    • H, 714 diam. 14
    • I, 81⅙, diam. 14
    • K, 8⅕⅙, diam. 14
    • L, 934, diam. 14 M, 1034, diam. 14
    • N, 119⅙, diam. 14
    • 0, 131⅙ diam. 14
    • P, 1418, diam. 14
    • Q, 14⅕⅙, diam. 732
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    This reference contains 2 citations:
    • Gevaert (Vol. II., p. 285)
    • von Jan (Baumeister's DenkmÄler, p. 556)
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    Lucian, adv. ind. 5.
[Footnotes]
  • 1
    This reference contains 6 citations:
    • Gevaert (Vol. II., p. 295)
    • p. 286
    • page 286
    • p. 292
    • No. 76892
    • Plate II. 2
  • 2
    Gevaert, Vol. II., p. 646