Your PDF has successfully downloaded.

You may be interested in finding more content on these topics:


You are not currently logged in.

Access JSTOR through your library or other institution:


Log in through your institution.

The Doctrine of Satan: I. In the Old Testament

William Caldwell
The Biblical World
Vol. 41, No. 1 (Jan., 1913), pp. 29-33
Stable URL:
Page Count: 5
  • Download PDF
  • Add to My Lists
  • Cite this Item
We're having trouble loading this content. Download PDF instead.


The early Christian writers devoted pages to their discussion of the work of Satan and devils. They saw their presence both in idols and in philosophers. Whence did this belief originate? How far is it an essential element of Christianity? Is it an inseparable part of biblical belief? These questions are not academic. Among the rank and file of Christians to believe in a personal devil is often made a test of orthodoxy. This article of Dr. Caldwell's is the first of three in which he traces the history of the doctrine of Satan in the Old Testament, in the inter-biblical literature, and in the New Testament.