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The Influence of the Synergistic Anion on Iron Chelation by Ferric Binding Protein, a Bacterial Transferrin

Suraj Dhungana, Céline H. Taboy, Damon S. Anderson, Kevin G. Vaughan, Philip Aisen, Timothy A. Mietzner and Alvin L. Crumbliss
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Vol. 100, No. 7 (Apr. 1, 2003), pp. 3659-3664
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3148670
Page Count: 6
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
The Influence of the Synergistic Anion on Iron Chelation by Ferric Binding Protein, a Bacterial Transferrin
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Abstract

Although the presence of an exogenous anion is a requirement for tight Fe3+ binding by the bacterial (Neisseria) transferrin nFbp, the identity of the exogenous anion is not specific in vitro. nFbp was reconstituted as a stable iron containing protein by using a number of different exogenous anions [arsenate, citrate, nitrilotriacetate, pyrophosphate, and oxalate (symbolized by X)] in addition to phosphate, predominantly present in the recombinant form of the protein. Spectroscopic characterization of the Fe3+/anion interaction in the reconstituted protein was accomplished by UV-visible and EPR spectroscopies. The affinity of the protein for Fe3+ is anion dependent, as evidenced by the effective Fe3+ binding constants (Keff) observed, which range from $1 \times 10^{17}\>M^{-1}$ to $4 \times 10^{18}\>M^{-1}$ at pH 6.5 and 20° C. The redox potentials for Fe3+nFbpX/Fe2+nFbpX reduction are also found to depend on the identity of the synergistic anion required for Fe3+ sequestration. Facile exchange of exogenous anions (Fe3+nFbpX + X → Fe3+nFbpX + X) is established and provides a pathway for environmental modulation of the iron chelation and redox characteristics of nFbp. The affinity of the iron loaded protein for exogenous anion binding at pH 6.5 was found to decrease in the order phosphate > arsenate ~ pyrophosphate > nitrilotriacetate > citrate ~ oxalate ≫ carbonate. Anion influence on the iron primary coordination sphere through iron binding and redox potential modulation may have in vivo application as a mechanism for periplasmic control of iron delivery to the cytosol.

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