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The Determinants and Consequences of Recall Error about Gulf War Preferences
Mark R. Joslyn
American Journal of Political Science
Vol. 47, No. 3 (Jul., 2003), pp. 440-452
Published by: Midwest Political Science Association
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3186108
Page Count: 13
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Memory, Voting, War, Political science, Public opinion, Trust in government, Peacetime, News content, News media, Political attitudes
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Memory plays a key role in many theories of politics, yet the determinants of inaccurate political memories have not been the subject of much investigation. Combining a dosage-resistance theory of political communications with a theory of memory lapse and reconstruction, it is predicted that a clearly identifiable cluster of traits ought to render people vulnerable to inaccurate autobiographical memory. Testing this hypothesis with ANES 1990-1992 Gulf War panel data on postwar memories of prewar preferences, the theory receives considerable empirical support. Among other factors, media exposure and trust in government increase vulnerability to misremembering, while education increases resistance. Finally, it is established that inaccuracy in autobiographical memory can be tied to future political behavior: those respondents whose recall was inaccurate in 1991 were more likely to vote for the incumbent in 1992.
American Journal of Political Science © 2003 Midwest Political Science Association