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Acculturation ou assimilation: technique d'analyse et tentative de mesure chez les Franco-ontariens
Canadian Journal of Political Science / Revue canadienne de science politique
Vol. 2, No. 2 (Jun., 1969), pp. 158-172
Published by: Canadian Political Science Association and the Société québécoise de science politique
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3231497
Page Count: 15
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Acculturation or Assimilation: An Analysis and Measurement Applied to Franco-Ontarians. In describing the nature of an ethnic minority, the author distinguishes between two concepts: assimilation and acculturation. The former is the end result of a minority's contacts with the society in which it exists and through which it has lost its cultural heritage; the latter can be conceived o f as a dynamic process, through which the individual is constantly absorbing, in various degrees, the norms, values and customs of the majority. On the basis of this notion of acculturation the author has devised a simple instrument permitting the measuring of the degree to which various minorities have adhered to the total (majoritarian) society. Two criteria, a person's educational background and his use of language, are utilized to place an individual on a graph, showing the degree to which he is part of the majoritarian or minoritarian community. The data required were collected through a questionnaire administered to two samples o f Franco-Ontario school children, one in grade eight, the other in grade twelve. There were 2,900 respondents drawn from five dilerent regions of Ontario. The principal findings are that there are marked diferences in the degree of acculturation of Franco-Ontarians in the different regions (the score usually ranged from 20 per cent to 80 per cent), and that over 43 per cent o f the school children were in fact undergoing the process o f acculturation.
Canadian Journal of Political Science / Revue canadienne de science politique © 1969 Canadian Political Science Association