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Learning from Maps: General Processes and Map-Structure Influences

Matt J. Rossano and Timothy T. Morrison
Cognition and Instruction
Vol. 14, No. 1 (1996), pp. 109-137
Published by: Taylor & Francis, Ltd.
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3233690
Page Count: 29
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Learning from Maps: General Processes and Map-Structure Influences
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Abstract

Five experiments investigating the manner in which information is acquired from maps are reported. In Experiments 1 and 2, map elements placed more toward the periphery of the map were better learned than internally placed elements (called a peripheral learning bias). This result was replicated using both directional errors and map drawings as measures of participants' learning. In Experiments 3 to 5, map structure was varied to determine if this learning pattern resulted from the structure of the map or from a general learning strategy applied to a variety of maps. The results showed that both processes were evident. The results are discussed in terms of the difficulties people have in organizing maps into whole, coherent images.

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