You are not currently logged in.
Access JSTOR through your library or other institution:
If You Use a Screen ReaderThis content is available through Read Online (Free) program, which relies on page scans. Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Analysis of Glutathione-Enhanced Differentiation by Microfilariae of Onchocerca lienalis (Filarioidea: Onchocercidae) In vitro
R. J. Pollack, J. B. Lok and J. J. Donnelly
The Journal of Parasitology
Vol. 74, No. 3 (Jun., 1988), pp. 353-359
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3282037
Page Count: 7
Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Preview not available
Reduced glutathione (GSH), but not its oxidized form (GSSG), stimulated development of Onchocerca lienalis microfilariae to the late first-larval stage in vitro. The degree and frequency of development was dose-related with a peak of activity at 15 mM, a concentration that is similar to known intracellular levels of GSH. To determine the mode(s) of action of this multifunctional compound, other reducing agents (L-cysteine, dithiothreitol), cysteine delivery agents (N-acetyl-L-cysteine, L-thiazolidine-4-carboxylic acid, L-2-oxothiazolidine-4-carboxylic acid), cysteine analogues (S-methyl-L-cysteine, D-glucose-L-cysteine, cysteine ethyl ester), free-component amino acids of GSH (glutamic acid, cysteine, and glycine), a specific metabolic inhibitor of γ-glutamyl synthetase (buthionine sulfoximine), and an inhibitor of γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (γ-glutamyl glutamic acid) were also tested at concentrations of 0.01-50 mM in this system. N-acetyl-L-cysteine at 1-5 mM and D-glucose-L-cysteine at 2.5-10 mM significantly enhanced development. In contrast to those worms maintained in GSH-supplemented medium, microfilariae exposed to GSH for only the first 24 hr showed no enhancement by day 7 in culture. Neither buthionine sulfoximine nor γ-glutamyl glutamic acid at 0.01-35 mM inhibited the effects of 15 mM GSH or 1 mM N-acetyl-L-cysteine. Results indicate that GSH or other cysteine analogues possessing a free sulfhydryl group must be present in the extranematodal environment to support microfilarial differentiation in vitro.
The Journal of Parasitology © 1988 The American Society of Parasitologists