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Manifestation of Cerebral Malaria-like Symptoms in the WM/Ms Rat Infected with Plasmodium berghei Strain NK65
Tsuneo Kamiyama, Masashi Tatsumi, Junko Matsubara, Kazushige Yamamoto, Zuleima Rubio, Gladys Cortes and Hiroki Fujii
The Journal of Parasitology
Vol. 73, No. 6 (Dec., 1987), pp. 1138-1145
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3282294
Page Count: 8
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Conditions required for the induction of cerebral malaria (CM)-like symptoms were investigated using 12 strains of rats and 5 murine malaria strains. Among various combinations, only inbred WM/Ms rats infected with P. berghei (NK65) developed neuropathological complications that closely resembled human CM cases. When young WM/Ms rats were infected with the parasites, neurologic signs were induced followed by death in 5-10 days with almost 100% incidence, whereas aged hosts revealed strong resistance. Histologically, edematous changes, occlusion of vessels, and petechial hemorrhages were found in the brain. There was an optimum dose of parasites to induce the manifestations, and a low incidence was obtained by increased or decreased inoculum size. No correlation was found between the level of parasitemia and incidence of the disease. The other 11 rat strains inoculated with this parasite showed high levels of parasitemia, but most of their infections were self-limiting or malarial death occurred without CM-like signs. Inoculation into WM/Ms rats with other murine malaria parasites, including P. chabaudi, P. vinckei, P. yoelii (17X), and P. yoelii (nigeriensis) failed to induce CM-like manifestations irrespective of the inoculation size and the degree of parasitemia. These results indicated that P. berghei (NK65)-infected WM/Ms rats represent an experimental model for CM and certain appropriate conditions are needed for its development in both parasite and host sides.
The Journal of Parasitology © 1987 The American Society of Parasitologists