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Studies of the Growth-Regulating Effects of Ivermectin on Larval Onchocerca lienalis In vitro
J. B. Lok, R. J. Pollack and J. J. Donnelly
The Journal of Parasitology
Vol. 73, No. 1 (Feb., 1987), pp. 80-84
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3282347
Page Count: 5
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At concentrations of 0.1-100 ng/ml ivermectin inhibited L3-L4 molting by Onchocerca lienalis in vitro. The degree of inhibition was dose-dependent with a significant effect apparent at 0.1 ng/ml and complete inhibition occurring at 100 ng/ml. The ED50 for molt inhibition was 0.19 ng/ml. Molt-inhibiting levels of the drug were not acutely toxic to the worms. In the presence of 10 ng/ml, a concentration giving 95% molt inhibition, motility at day 7 postinoculation was 71% of that seen in nontreated controls. A more pronounced effect on motility was apparent in larvae under long-term cultivation in the presence of ivermectin. Kinetic studies indicated that the majority of the larvae respond irreversibly to the drug within the first 2 hr of exposure. Twenty-four hours of exposure were required for a maximal response. The inhibitory effects of ivermectin were less pronounced if larvae were allowed to develop under normal culture conditions for 24 or more hours prior to the initiation of drug treatment.
The Journal of Parasitology © 1987 The American Society of Parasitologists