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In vitro Cultivation of Paragonimus miyazakii and P. ohirai

Hidekazu Hata, Muneo Yokogawa, Masashi Kobayashi, Munetoshi Niimura and Somei Kojima
The Journal of Parasitology
Vol. 73, No. 4 (Aug., 1987), pp. 792-796
DOI: 10.2307/3282416
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3282416
Page Count: 5
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In vitro Cultivation of Paragonimus miyazakii and P. ohirai
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Abstract

Excysted metacercariae of Paragonimus miyazakii and P. ohirai were cultured in various media at 37.5 C in a 5% CO2 atmosphere. Paragonimus miyazakii grew rapidly and showed a well-developed ovary, uterus, and testes at 172 days in NCTC 109 supplemented with 30% rabbit serum, 50% egg yolk-109, and rabbit red blood cells (RBC's). However, none of the worms formed yolk or eggs in these cultures. On the other hand, P. ohirai grew to the adult stage, in which vitellaria and imperfect ova were formed, in NCTC 109 supplemented with 30% dog serum, 10% yeast extract Earle's solution (YLE), and dog RBC's at 252 days. The maximum body length of these worms measured 7.0 mm (mean 5.5 mm) at 252 days. The dog RBC's were an essential ingredient of the culture medium for the development of P. ohirai. Additions of liver concentrate, chick embryo extract (CEE), and egg yolk-109 in the medium did not provide any additional benefits for the development of worms. Using this supplemented medium, adult worms of P. ohirai removed from rats were maintained in vitro to examine their ability to lay eggs. Egg laying occurred during the first 10-13 days for worms that survived more than 60 days. The number of eggs deposited in this medium was about 2 times that found when Hanks' BSS and NCTC 109 were used.

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