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Re-Establishing a Life Cycle of Schistosoma mansoni from Cryopreserved Larvae

Lynn A. Cooper, Fred A. Lewis and Sharon File-Emperador
The Journal of Parasitology
Vol. 75, No. 3 (Jun., 1989), pp. 353-356
DOI: 10.2307/3282587
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3282587
Page Count: 4
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Re-Establishing a Life Cycle of Schistosoma mansoni from Cryopreserved Larvae
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Abstract

To study the feasibility of re-establishing a life cycle of Schistosoma mansoni (NMRI strain) from cryopreserved larvae, schistosomules were suspended in the cryoprotectant 1,2-ethanediol and cryopreserved in liquid nitrogen. Mice were injected intramuscularly with samples thawed after 3 days, 3 wk, or 6 mo in liquid nitrogen storage. Two to 5% of the cryopreserved larvae and approximately 18% of corresponding unfrozen control larvae developed into adult worms. Infectivity did not decrease as a function of storage time. The adult worms showed no structural damage or changes in overall size and morphology when examined by light and transmission electron microscopy. Female worms derived from cryopreserved larvae had the same or slightly elevated egg production as controls, but tissue egg distributions were comparable. Subsequent passages through Biomphalaria glabrata snails and mice revealed no difference in snail prepatent death rate, percentage of snails infected, cercarial production per snail, or cercarial infectivity.

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