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Phagocytic Activity of Hemocytes of M-Line Biomphalaria glabrata Snails: Effect of Exposure to the Trematode Echinostoma paraensei
Shinichi Noda and Eric S. Loker
The Journal of Parasitology
Vol. 75, No. 2 (Apr., 1989), pp. 261-269
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3282775
Page Count: 9
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The phagocytic activity of hemocytes from 6-8-mm M-line Biomphalaria glabrata snails was studied in an in vitro assay using glutaraldehyde-fixed sheep erythrocytes (SRBC) as target cells. For individual snails, the percentage of hemocytes ingesting SRBC during a 1-hr interval, termed the phagocytic activity index (PAI), was determined. Hemocytes from snails infected for 1 day with Echinostoma paraensei had a slightly elevated PAI, but at both 8 and 30 days postexposure (DPE), hemocytes from infected snails had a significantly lower PAI than controls. Hemocytes taken from snails at 8 DPE also had a low PAI using rabbit erythrocytes and yeast as target cells. The low PAI at 8 DPE is attributed to the presence of large numbers of poorly spreading hemocytes with low phagocytic activity. Hemocytes from snails with 30-day infections were well spread but nonetheless had a low PAI. The presence of plasma from 8-day infected snails did not alter the PAI of hemocytes from control snails, nor was the PAI of hemocytes from infected snails changed by plasma from control snails. SRBC preincubated for 60 min in plasma from various groups of M-line snails did not elicit an increase in PAI when presented to hemocytes from control snails; in some cases, as with plasma from 6-8-mm control snails, such preincubation significantly reduced the PAI below levels obtained using SRBC preincubated in culture medium. As compared to hemocytes from snails with normally developing, 8-day-old intraventricular sporocysts (IS), hemocytes from snails exposed to infection but subsequently lacking IS had a significantly higher PAI. SRBC preincubated in plasma from the latter group of snails elicited significantly higher PAI values from hemocytes from infected snails than did SRBC preincubated in culture medium or in plasma from unexposed control snails.
The Journal of Parasitology © 1989 The American Society of Parasitologists