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Effect of Brugia malayi on the Growth and Proliferation of Endothelial Cells In vitro
U. R. Rao, C. S. Zometa, A. C. Vickery, B. H. Kwa, J. K. Nayar and E. T. Sutton
The Journal of Parasitology
Vol. 82, No. 4 (Aug., 1996), pp. 550-556
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3283779
Page Count: 7
You can always find the topics here!Topics: Endothelial cells, Cultured cells, Parasites, Cell growth, Lymph, Cultural values, Endothelium, Infections, Parasitology, Endothelial growth factors
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Athymic mice (C3H/HeN) parasitized by Brugia malayi develop massively dilated lymphatics. The lymphatic endothelial lining is perturbed, and numerous mononuclear and giant cells are closely apposed to the endothelium. The hyperplastic endothelial cells and low opening pressure of the lymphatics suggest abnormal multiplication of these cells may be important in the dilation. We studied the in vitro growth rate of human umbilical vein endothelial cells cultured with adult worms and microfilariae of B. malayi. The tetrazolium salt reduction assays were used to quantify possible direct mitogenic or inhibitory effects. The growth factor-induced proliferation of endothelial cells was significantly suppressed by 44-51% on day 1, 46-81% on day 3, and 45-79% on day 5 in cultures containing adult female worms, which had greater suppressor activity on endothelial cell proliferation than male worms, microfilariae, or soluble adult worm extract. Culture supernatant containing female worm excretory-secretory products significantly inhibited the growth and multiplication of cells, suggesting that adult female worms release antigens or proteins that have inhibitory activity on growth factors necessary for endothelial cell proliferation in vitro. Excess human recombinant epidermal growth factor and bovine brain extract partly reversed the inhibitory activity of worms in culture and restored the endothelial cell proliferation when incubated with worm culture supernatant. Indomethacin and BW 775Hcl failed to restore normal endothelial proliferation in the presence of female worms, suggesting that parasite-derived prostanoids and cyclooxygenase products did not cause the inhibition. Lymph from dilated lymphatics, but not serum from infected mice, increased the proliferation of cells in vitro. Together, these data demonstrate that excretory-secretory products of B. malayi parasites suppress vascular endothelial proliferation in vitro. Furthermore, increases in the number of these cells in vitro in the presence of lymph suggest that parasite-induced host factors may be important in modulating the degree of proliferation.
The Journal of Parasitology © 1996 The American Society of Parasitologists