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Susceptibility of Various Species of Animals and Strains of Mice to Gymnophalloides seoi Infection and the Effects of Immunosuppression in C3H/HeN Mice

Soon-Hyung Lee, Sang-Kyu Park, Min Seo, Sang-Mee Guk, Min-Ho Choi and Jong-Yil Chai
The Journal of Parasitology
Vol. 83, No. 5 (Oct., 1997), pp. 883-886
DOI: 10.2307/3284283
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3284283
Page Count: 4
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Since scans are not currently available to screen readers, please contact JSTOR User Support for access. We'll provide a PDF copy for your screen reader.
Susceptibility of Various Species of Animals and Strains of Mice to Gymnophalloides seoi Infection and the Effects of Immunosuppression in C3H/HeN Mice
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Abstract

Susceptibility to Gymnophalloides seoi infection was studied in 8 species of animals, including 7 strains of mice; the effects of immunosuppression on susceptibility were examined in C3H/HeN mice. One hundred metacercariae of G. seoi isolated from naturally infected oysters were orally administered to each animal. Worm recovery rate (WRR), worm dimensions, and the number of uterine eggs were obtained at day 3 and day 7 postinfection (PI). Average WRR from gerbils, hamsters, and cats at day 7 PI was 28.0%, 14.2%, and 10.9%, respectively, the former 2 figures of which were significantly higher than the rate of 0.0-4.0% from Sprague-Dawley rats, dogs, ducks, guinea pigs, and chicks. In the case of mice, average WRR at day 7 PI was 12.4% (KK strain), 11.8% (C3H/HeN), 9.6% (ICR), 6.4% (BALB/c), and 6.3% (ddY), respectively; the first 3 figures were significantly higher than the rates from other strains, which were 1.8% (A) and 0% (C57BL/6). At day 3 PI, WRR was much higher in all strains except C57BL/6. Worm maturation was the highest in C3H/HeN mice. Immunosuppression of C3H/HeN mice by injecting prednisolone for 7, 14, or 21 days prior to infection increased WRR at day 7 PI to 27.8%, 33.8%, or 67.5%, respectively. The results show that gerbils, hamsters, cats, and KK, C3H/HeN, ICR, BALB/c, and ddY mice are laboratory hosts that are fairly susceptible to G. seoi infection. In C3H/HeN mice, susceptibility was markedly enhanced by immunosuppression.

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