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Prevalence of Antibodies to Neospora caninum in Different Canid Populations

J. S. Barber, R. B. Gasser, J. Ellis, M. P. Reichel, D. McMillan and A. J. Trees
The Journal of Parasitology
Vol. 83, No. 6 (Dec., 1997), pp. 1056-1058
DOI: 10.2307/3284361
Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3284361
Page Count: 3
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Prevalence of Antibodies to Neospora caninum in Different Canid Populations
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Abstract

A total of 1,554 dogs from 5 countries on 3 continents were tested for antibodies to Neospora caninum using an indirect fluorescent antibody test. In Australia, overall, 42/451 (9%, 95% confidence interval [CI] 6-12%) dogs were seropositive (Melbourne 11/207 [5%, 95% CI 2-9%]; Sydney 18/150 [12%, 95% CI 7-18%]; Perth 13/94 [14%, 95% CI 8-22%]). Antibodies to N. caninum were also detected in dogs in South America (Uruguay [20%, 95% CI 16-24%, n = 414]) and sub-Saharan Africa (Tanzania [22%, 95% CI 12-36%, n = 49]). In contrast, only 1 of 500 dogs tested from the Falkland Islands and none of 140 dogs from Kenya was seropositive. Of wild canids, 1/54 (2%, 95% CI 0-10%) British foxes and 15/169 (9%, 95% CI 5-14%) Australian dingoes had antibodies to N. caninum.

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